Fisheries Infosite

Region - Sub-Antarctic (FMA 6)

Key statistics
Recreational significance Low
Customary significance Low
Environmental importance High
Reported commercial catch1 (tonnes)
Quota value estimate2 (NZ$m)
Exports estimate2 (NZ$m)
1 Reported commercial catch is calculated for the 12 month period to 30/09/2025
2 Quota value and exports are calculated pro-rata to reported commercial catch for the 12 month period to 30/09/2025
Regional characteristics
Area 1,158,000 km2
Coastline 620 kms
Productivity Medium
Climate Sub-Antarctic
Total population2
Tangata Whenua2
Recreational fishers (est. 20%)
2 Census 2006
New Zealand’s subantarctic islands are rugged and isolated in the southern ocean.

Because of their isolation, each island group seems to have developed slightly different marine communities and ecosystems.  This has been recorded particularly from the shallows around the islands and may continue in deeper waters of their territorial seas.

As well as their rich and diverse marine communities, these island groups have the most diverse community of seabirds in the world.

They are also the only breeding areas for many of the world’s albatross and petrel species.

In 1998, the Snares, Bounty Islands, Auckland Islands, Antipodes Islands and Campbell Island and their territorial seas were listed as a World Heritage Site, in recognition of their outstanding scientific and conservation significance.

Around the Auckland Islands, all waters out to 12 nautical miles (22km) are protected by a marine reserve.  And Benthic Protection Areas around Bounty Islands, Antipodes Islands and Campbell Island protect their territorial waters from bottom trawling and dredging.
Iconic species

 Arrow squid           Image drawing for Ling (LIN)

       Arrow squid                                        Ling